The War 1812 was fueled by many factors, but it was originally sparked by a series of economic sanctions taken by the British and French against the US as part of the Napoleonic Wars and American outrage at the British practice of impressment, boarding US vessels and forcing British-born sailors found on them to serve in the British Navy. After a series of failed attacks on Canadian provinces, the US finally won ground by taking control of Lake Erie in 1814, but took a heavy loss when British soldiers arrived in Washington D.C. and burnt it to the ground, along with attacking Baltimore.
The War of 1812, however, ultimately yielded one of our nation's most sacred adornments; out of ashes of destruction, the United State's national anthem: "The Star-Spangled Banner". Tragically, even though the two countries had signed the Treaty of Ghent, effectively ending the war on December 24, 1814, fighting continued on until January of 1815 because the combat forces, simply, were unaware of the treaty. Ultimately, both sides claimed victory, but the war really ended in stalemate, for America's efforts to take control of Canada had failed.
This commemoration set marks the war's 200th Anniversary, in addition to 200 years of peace, and is the second installment of the limited edition 3-year Pipe of the Year series. It includes a sandblasted Zulu, whose shape was specifically chosen to honor the mariners who fought in the war, presented in a rich antique brown stain, and banded in pewter, emblazoned with "War of 1812". Its wooden box depicts a beautiful image of Derek Gardner's painting of the battle between the HMS Macedonian and the USS United States on October 25th, 1812. The tamper is cast from an original carving of Admiral Matthew C. Perry of the US Navy. A Canadian 'toonie', the coin features a depiction of the HMS Shannon which, on June, 1st 1813, captured the USS Chesapeake in the battle of Boston Harbor. The set envelops the struggle of the great conflict, echoing US Commander James Lawrence's final dying command: "Don't give up the ship!"